Sweden is located in northern Europe. Considering its northerly geographic location (at the latitude of parts of Greenland and Siberia), Sweden enjoys a favourable climate. Stockholm has been the permanent capital since 1523. km. Its neighbors are Finland and Norway. Summers in the north are short and cool, but still, have the long days Sweden's … From the southwest, Atlantic low-pressure winds blow in air warmed by the North Atlantic Current and make the weather mild but changeable. Stockholm is also Sweden’s financial capital. … Sweden is a country in Europe. On the other hand, small areas of clayey till from younger sedimentary limestone, scattered mainly in southern Sweden, form brown earth, providing agricultural soils of high fertility. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. Visit the Embassy of Sweden website for the most current visa information.. At peace since 1814, Sweden has followed the doctrine, enunciated in every document on foreign policy since World War II, of “nonalignment in peace aiming at neutrality in war.”. These are relatively low-level mountains, as Sweden's highest point, Kebnekaise, stands at just 2,111 meters (about 7,000 ft.) It has been marked on the map by a yellow upright triangle. Don't Talk Down the Vasa Ship. The rivers, except in the far north, where they are protected, are sources of hydroelectric power. The country’s ancient name was Svithiod. Directly south of Stockholm (a city of islands) are Gotland and Oland, Sweden's largest islands. The region features an undulating surface of rounded hills and mountains, large lakes, and extensive river valleys. You have to decide whether it’s in the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere. Updates? The country has a 3,218 km (2,000 mi) long coastline to the east. Today it is a constitutional monarchy with a well-established parliamentary democracy that dates from 1917. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Otherwise masks were not recommended, and bars, restaurants, schools and businesses remained open. The population was 391 at the 2010 census. Stockholm, a pretty city set on 14 islands, has a lot going for … The name Sweden was derived from the Svear, or Suiones, a people mentioned as early as 98 ce by the Roman author Tacitus. Central Sweden is dominated by lower mountains in the west that give way to heavily forested hills and ridges, dozens and dozens of rivers and an estimated 101,000 lakes. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. Norway shares land borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia in the east and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west. The population of Sweden is about 10 million people. Significant lakes include Siljan, Storsjom, Varern and Vattern, and with few exceptions, the balance of Sweden's lakes are on the small side. Omissions? Sweden is a Northern European country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula. Lakes dot the fairly flat landscape, and thousands of islands form archipelagoes along more than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of jagged, rocky coastline. Set among hills, forests and ponds, Sweden has a total area of 29.74 square miles (77.03 km 2), of which, 28.82 square miles (74.64 km 2) of it is land and 0.92 square miles (2.38 km 2) is water. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The Muonio and Torne rivers form the frontier with Finland, and in the south the Dal River marks the transition to Svealand. The Baltic Sea lies to the east of Sweden, as well as the Gulf of Bothnia, which separates Sweden from most of Finland. In the far north the region of Lappland overlaps Norrland and northern Finland. With borders along the Gulf of Bothnia, the Baltic Sea, and many smaller seas, Sweden has direct access to water regions from many points. Ground by glacial ice in the same direction, they have a common rounded shape. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Värmland is a natural wonderland stretching across central-west Sweden, spanning rolling hills and deep forest, and boasting some 10,000 lakes. During the last Ice Age, much of Sweden was covered by a thick layer of ice. The season is relatively short, but it’s worth a bit of extra planning to get out into the wilderness: its natural landscape is one of Sweden… A long coastline forms the country’s eastern border, extending along the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea; a narrow strait, known as The Sound (Öresund), separates Sweden from Denmark in the south. Stockholm is the cultural, administrative and economic center of Sweden. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). Sweden's authorities never said achieving herd immunity was their goal, but they did argue that by keeping more of society open, Swedes would be more likely to develop a resistance to Covid-19. It borders Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark via the bridge of Öresund (Öresundsbron). Swedish society is ethnically and religiously very homogeneous, although recent immigration has created some social diversity. Sweden's border with Norway is covered by the Scandinavian Mountains, or in Swedish, the Kolen (or Kjolen) Mountains. Traveling Through Europe: If you are planning to visit or travel through European countries, you should be familiar with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement.. A region of poor and stony soils, Småland has been cultivated through the ages with some difficulty, as evidenced by the enormous mounds of stone cleared from the land. Incorporated in 1813, Sweden is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. things sweden is famous for | … In Svealand are Sweden’s largest lakes, including Lakes Väner, 2,181 square miles (5,650 square km); Vätter (Vättern), 738 square miles (1,911 square km); and Mälar (Mälaren), 440 square miles (1,139 square km). It is a developed country. Most of the fairly level surface of eastern Svealand and northern Götaland was pressed below sea level by glaciers, leaving a landscape of fragmented bedrock, fertile clayey plains, numerous lakes, and sandy ridges. It has chosen instead to play a balancing role among the world’s conflicting ideological and political systems. For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se , official emergency information from Swedish authorities. Summer in Sweden. km, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe. The interior of southern Sweden, Småland, is a wooded upland with elevations of 980 to 1,300 feet (300 to 400 metres). Sweden (Swedish: Sverige) is a Nordic country in the part of Europe called Scandinavia. The country’s chief rivers originate in the mountains of Norrland, mostly flowing southeastward with many falls and rapids and emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia or the Baltic Sea. It is bound by Finland, the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea to the east, Kattegat to … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, National Geographic Kids - Countries - Sweden, Jewish Virtual Library - Sweden Virtual Jewish History Tour, Sweden - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sweden - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. Sweden. Stockholm Where to Stay in Stockholm. Sweden's largest rivers include the Angerman, Eman, Indal, Lagan, Ljusnan, Lule, Osterdal, Skellefte, Storuman, Torne and Ume. It is famous for its welfare state. The dominant soil of Sweden is till, formed under glacial ice. Sweden is a party to the Schengen Agreement. Sweden's coastal areas include several small islands and reefs, especially in the east and southwest. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The above map can be downloaded, printed, and used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities or coloring. Gatherings of more than 50 people were banned, and the elderly were told to stay at home. Finland. Sweden was the only European country to embrace this idea, and opted not to implement a lockdown. White sandy beaches are common along the southern coastline. The topography of the country is largely shaped by ice. Sweden has some absolutely gorgeous hiking trails, most of which are well maintained and supplied with conveniently located mountain huts along the way. Åre is situated in Åredalen (Åre Valley), approximately 400 metres (1,300 ft) AMSL at the coastline of Åresjön lake. Match the Country with Its Hemisphere Quiz, This quiz will present you with the name of a country. The country has a 1,000-year-long continuous history as a sovereign state, but its territorial expanse changed often until 1809. Stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Arctic Circle, Sweden has everything from glorious beaches and medieval towns to vast forests and crystal-clear lakes. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In Stockholm, the Vasa is a matter of national pride. Today these are intermingled with mixed forests and farmland. Description Legal. Forty years after the Swedish parliament unanimously decided to change the formerly homogenous Sweden into a multicultural country, violent crime has increased by 300% and rapes by 1,472%. The land slopes gently from the high mountains along the Norwegian frontier eastward to the Baltic Sea. (There will be no trickery with countries that touch the Equator.). In alphabetical order, these counties are: Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland and Vastra Gotaland. At the region’s far northern edge, north of the Arctic Circle, are Sweden’s highest peaks: Mount Kebne (Kebnekaise), which is 6,926 feet (2,111 metres) in elevation, and Mount Sarek (Sarektjåkkå), which rises 6,854 feet (2,089 metres), in the magnificent Sarek National Park. Sweden is bordered by 3 countries: by Finland in the east; by Norway in the north and west; by Denmark in the southwest (via a bridge-tunnel through Oresund Strait). Town of Sweden, Maine. 25 Highest Income Earning Countries In The World, 25 Countries Who Don't Invest Much In Agriculture, All You Need To Know About The Great Basin Desert, California Condor Facts: Animals Of North America, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Its surface formations and soils were altered by the receding glaciers of the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. Legislative power is vested in the single-chamber parliament. The coffee culture (Fika) (from USD 68.72) In Sweden we call it fika. It is situated both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. One-fifth of the country, especially in rainy southwestern Sweden and the cold far north, is covered by marshland and peat. Sweden (Sverige) is the largest of the Nordic countries, with a population of about 10 million. It occupies the greater part of the peninsula, which it shares with Norway. On the west coast of Sweden is Gothenburg – the 2nd largest city in Sweden. Geologically, it is one of the oldest and most stable parts of the Earth’s crust. With an area of 450,295 sq. Sweden’s nearest EU neighbours – the Danes, Finns, and Norwegians – have accepted a lockdown strategy, closing schools, workplaces, and borders … Lidens församling Restaurants. By 6,000 BC, when that ice finally retreated (or melted) it left in its wake a deeply-indented coastline (in the south) with many islands, and innumerable lakes, rivers and streams spread across the entire country. To the west lie the Kölen (Kjølen; Scandinavian) Mountains, through which runs the border demarcating Sweden and Norway. Sweden lies to the southwest of Finland. Explore Sweden Using Google Earth: Google Earth is a free program from Google that allows you to explore satellite images showing the cities and landscapes of Sweden and all of Europe in fantastic detail. Sweden × Show Labels. Like all of northwestern Europe, Sweden has a generally favourable climate relative to its northerly latitude owing to moderate southwesterly winds and the warm North Atlantic Current. It is bordered by Norway to the west and Finland to the east and it is along the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. Sweden’s landscape changes from the hills of Småland to the fertile plains of Skåne, which is physiographically and economically more similar to Denmark than to the rest of Sweden. The Swedish coastline is typically rocky, with hundreds of small, sometimes wooded islands. Norrland is the largest and most sparsely populated of the regions, covering some three-fifths of the country. A shorter coastline along the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits forms Sweden’s border to the southwest, and Norway lies to the west. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sweden Coronavirus update with statistics and graphs: total and new cases, deaths per day, mortality and recovery rates, current active cases, recoveries, trends and timeline. Sweden is located on the east side of the Scandinavian Peninsula in North Europe. Sweden learned that the hard way, but the situation there is now under control. Meeting the environmental challenges of the future is not just about protecting landscapes, though, and Sweden is making big strides towards safeguarding the future as well as conserving the past. This range is characterized by numerous glaciers, the southernmost of which is on Helags Mountain (Helagsfjället), near the Norwegian border. More recently the area has been characterized by flourishing small factories. The government exercises executive power. Myth No. Sweden has made international headlines for avoiding a lockdown since the pandemic hit, relying mostly on voluntary measures to achieve social distancing. Known as the Kingdom of Sweden by its official title, Sweden has a vast coastline. Except for a stretch of scenic “high coast,” the Bothnian coastal plain is low-lying and stretches from Norrland into Svealand. The municipalities are further divided into 2512 parishes (forsamlinger). Sweden is bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia and Baltic Sea, with Norway to the west and Finland to the east. The longest, however, is the Klar-Göta River, which rises in Norway and flows 447 miles (719 km), reaching Lake Väner (Vänern) and continuing southward out of the lake’s southern end to the North Sea; along its southernmost course are the famous falls of Trollhättan. In the south, large lakes (some linked by canals) and widely cultivated plains stretch across the land. Sweden has about 2,200 reported COVID-19 cases per million population. People who live in Sweden are called Swedes. Its capital and largest city is Stockholm, located along the country's east coast. Sweden extends some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the north and south and 310 miles (500 km) to the east and west. The shores of Lakes Siljan and Storsjön and the river valleys support agriculture. The land slopes gently from the high mountains along the Norwegian frontier eastward to the Baltic Sea. Located on the south-central east coast of Sweden is, Stockholm – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Sweden. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the south by a bridge. The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. Regions of Sweden. The above map represents Sweden, a European country located in the Scandinavian Peninsula. Sweden occupies the greater part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, which it shares with Norway. Sweden Bordering Countries: The city’s location establishes it as one of the world’s most beautiful and spectacular cities. Sweden: Continent : Europe: Where is Located: Sweden is a country located in the Northern Europe: Coordinates : 59.35, 18.066667: Capital : Stockholm: Largest City : Stockholm: Neighboring Countries Finland, Norway : Administrative divisions: 21 counties : Area : 173,745 sq mi: Population: 9415295: Official Language : Swedish: Currency : Swedish krona (SEK) ISO Alpha-2 Code: SE Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a head of government - the prime minister - and a head of state - the monarch. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe. Lidens församling Hotels. Malmo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 101,837 reviews of Malmo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Malmo resource. Sweden is a unitary state, divided into 20 counties and 290 municipalities.Location on the EU map You’ll also find Sweden’s longest river, Klarälven river snaking through this idyllic province, before it flows into one of Europe’s biggest lakes, Vänern. It is also the 5th largest country in Europe and the 3rd largest country in EU. Sweden, a Nordic nation in Northern Europe, covers an area of 450,295 sq. This warship … Historically, Sweden rose from backwardness and poverty into a highly developed postindustrial society and advanced welfare state with a standard of living and life expectancy that rank among the highest in the world. As the pain of national lockdowns grows intolerable and countries realize that managing—rather than defeating—the pandemic is the only realistic option, more and more of them will begin to open up. Other large cities in Sweden are Goteborg and Malmo. Sweden (officially, the Kingdom of Sweden) is divided into 21 counties (Ian) and 290 municipalities (kommuner). 2: Sweden did much worse than the U.S. or other countries in managing COVID-19 cases and deaths. This type of coast, known as skärgård, is found in both the east and the west, especially around Stockholm and Gothenburg. As observed on the physical map of Sweden, to the north (above the Arctic Circle) Sweden is rugged with snow-covered mountains and thick forests. Sweden, country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. It is for this reason that Swedish statesmen have often been sought out to fill major positions in the United Nations. It is bounded by the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea in the east and south; and by the Skagerrak and Kattegat straits in the southwest. 11,700 years ago ) chosen instead to play a balancing role among the world ’ most. 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