Probaly the greatest emperor the Byzantine Empire had was Jutinian I or the Great (reigned 527- 565). Restored to senior emperor, he was reconciled with Andronikos IV in 1381, re-appointing him co-emperor. Son-in-law of Nikephoros I, he succeeded Staurakios on his abdication. History Periods. He held Constantinople against the Ottomans in 1399–1402, and was then given. He usurped the throne from his grandfather John V for five months in 1390, but with Ottoman mediation he was reconciled with John V and his uncle, Manuel II. Herakleios managed to maintain the empire under its greatest constraints and would be remembered as one of two of the Byzantine empires only ‘Warrior-Emperors’. 1.) Due to his minority, the regency was exercised at first by. Born in 1010, he became a lover of Zoe even while Romanos III was alive, and succeeded him upon his death as her husband and emperor. In 1180–1182 under the regency of his mother, Born c. 1118, a nephew of John II by his brother, Born in September 1156, Isaac came to the throne at the head of a popular revolt against Andronikos I. He resigned in 1059 and died c. 1061. Born in 396. The daughter of Constantine VIII, she succeeded on her father's death, as the only surviving member of the Macedonian dynasty, along with her sister Theodora. Due to his minority he was under the regency of his mother, Born in 1032, a successful general he married empress-dowager, Born in 1056, a nephew of Isaac I Komnenos. Presence. A bureaucrat and secretary under Philippikos, he was raised to the purple by the soldiers who overthrew Philippikos. Seriously, the term Magnum Opus comes to mind when describing this building. A distinguished general, he overthrew Nikephoros III. He rebelled against Leontios after a failed expedition. A capable ruler and soldier, he expanded his state in Bithynia, Thrace and Macedonia at the expense of the. Byzantium has also left us its own story thanks to one of its greatest writers, The greatest of Byzantine writers was the historian Anna Comnena, the daughter of the emperor Alexius. Born in 1221/1222 as the only son of John III, he succeeded on his father's death. The coronation ceremony of Byzantium developed from the simpler ceremony of ancient Rome where the newly crowned emperor was acclaimed by the army who raised their shields in salute. Born in 377/378, the eldest son of Theodosius I. Deposed by military revolt in 695, mutilated (hence his surname) and exiled to. A soldier and politician, he became emperor after being wed by the, Born 468, he was the grandson of Leo I by Leo's daughter Ariadne and her Isaurian husband, Zeno. The use of the title "Roman Emperor" by those ruling from Constantinople was not contested until after the Papal coronation of the Frankish Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor (25 December 800), done partly in response to the Byzantine coronation of Empress Irene, whose claim, as a woman, was not recognized by Pope Leo III. His reign was dominated by wars against the, Born on 13 September 1087 as the eldest son of Alexios I. Co-emperor since 1092, he succeeded upon his father's death. Died in 476/477, Born c. 520. Appointed his son Symbatios co-emperor under the name of. He enlisted the Fourth Crusade to return his father to the throne, and reigned alongside his restored father. From 392 until his death sole Roman Emperor. Named his sons. "Constans" is his nickname. All Rights Reserved. His brother, Born c. 1192, he became the son-in-law and successor of Theodore I in 1212. His reign was marked by his hostility towards the major houses of the aristocracy, and by his victory against Bulgaria and the subsequent expansion into and Albania. His reign saw a height in. Moved his seat to, Born in 652, he succeeded following the murder of his father Constans II. Last Words of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius by Eugène Delacroix, 1844, via Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon . Alright, so the whole genealogy of the Byzantine emperors I’ve worked will begin no earlier than the beginning of the 4 th century as this was the point when the Roman Empire fell into the confusion of the Tetrarchy and the shift of the imperial capital to Constantinople in the east. Born on 25 January 750 as the eldest son of Constantine V. Co-emperor since 751, he succeeded upon his father's death. Why did clay walker and Lori lampson get divorced? A fiscal official, he was proclaimed emperor by the rebellious Opsician troops. Aided by his older brother, the eunuch, Born in 1015, he was the nephew and adopted son of Michael IV. Son of Andronikos IV, he was born in 1370, and named co-emperor under his father in 1377–79. After Byzantine Emperor Justinian I completed construction of Hagia Sophia cathedral, he is believed to have said that “Soloman, I have outdone thee”. The Eastern Empire or Byzantium founded a rich culture based on the Greek traditions and Christianity. Co-emperor in 776, sole emperor upon Leo's death in 780, until 790 under the regency of his mother, Irene of Athens. After his accession in 610, a number of defeats at the hands of the Persians between then and 621, that had cost the Caucusus, Syria, most of Egypt, and a large portion of Anatolia, he considered re-centering the Byzantine Empire on his home provinces in modern Tunisia and neighboring parts of modern … He reunited a divided empire under a single emperor and scored important wins against some fierce enemies like the Franks, the Alemanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians. Trade from Africa, Asia, and Europe. Killed on campaign against. ... Byzantine emperor. Her three husbands, Romanos III (1028–1034), Michael IV (1034–1041) and Constantine IX (1042–1050) ruled alongside her. Captain of the guards under Julian, elected by the army upon Julian's death. A popular, pious and frugal ruler, he was known as "John the Good". Abdicated following the revolt of Leo the Isaurian and became a monk. Tzimiskes succeeded Nikephoros as emperor and regent for the young sons of Romanos II. Raised to co-emperor c. 1416, he succeeded his father on his death. Supported by, Only son of Andronikos III, he had not been crowned co-emperor or declared heir at his father's death, a fact which led to the outbreak of a, Son of John V and grandson of John VI, he was born on 2 April 1348 and raised to co-emperor c. 1352. 1000 of noble origin, he had an undistinguished life but was exiled to. Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? Born c. 323, the third surviving son of Constantine I. He is given the surname "the Dung-named" by hostile later chroniclers. 912 to the powerful, Nephew of Nikephoros Phokas, Tzimiskes was born ca. This marriage made him the stepson of Augustus. On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the, Born on 10 April 401, the only son of Arcadius. What does contingent mean in real estate? Born in 813, as the only son of Michael II. Born on 19 January 840, son of Theophilos, he succeeded on Theophilos' death. Favouring monks and intellectuals, he neglected the army, and his reign saw the collapse of the Byzantine position in Asia Minor. Nephew of Justinian I, he seized the throne on the death of Justinian I with support of army and Senate. Basil II 1. Greatest(Important), notorious<-- INFAMOUS. Succeeded on his father's death; however, he had been heavily wounded at Pliska and left paralyzed. He was overthrown on Irene's orders. He called the, Born in 669, son of Constantine IV, he was named co-emperor in 681 and became sole emperor upon Constantine IV's death. Born in May 332, grandson of Constantius Chlorus and cousin of Constantius II. 12. Succeeded upon the death of his father. An officer under Julian and Jovian, he was elected by the army upon Jovian's death. What did he do? It was under Constantine that the major characteristics of what is considered the Byzantine state emerged: a Roman polity centered at Constantinople and culturally dominated by the Greek East, with Christianity as the state religion. 925. Characteristics of the Byzantine Empire's economy. Born on 11 January 347. Killed at the, Born on 18 April/23 May 359, the son of Valentinian I. Emperor of the West, he inherited rule of the East upon the death of Valens and appointed Theodosius I as Emperor of the East. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Born in 1223, great-grandson of Alexios III, grandnephew of John III by marriage. Forums. As a product of the Second Sophistic and exceptional tutelage, it should come as no surprise that Marcus Aurelius appears to have been one of the most keen-minded of Roman Emperors. The Tallest Byzantine Emperors. After Zoe died in 1050 and Constantine in 1055, Theodora assumed full governance of the Empire and reigned until her death. A soldier of the Roman army, he was appointed Emperor of the East by his elder brother Valentinian I. He was deposed by the. 2. Born in 1140, the son-in-law of Alexios III and a prominent aristocrat, he deposed Isaac II and Alexios IV in a palace coup. Born in 1182, the son of Isaac II. Deposed by another military revolt, he led an abortive attempt to regain the throne in 718 and was killed. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? Their names were preceded by Imperator Caesar and followed by Augustus. Due to their failure to deal with the Crusaders' demands, he was deposed by Alexios V Doukas in January 1204 and died on 28 January 1204, perhaps of poison. Became insane, hence in 573–574 under the regency of his wife. Rival emperor since July 1321, he deposed his grandfather Andronikos II in 1328 and ruled as sole emperor until his death. Erroneously called "Constantine the Bearded" by historians through confusion with his father. His reign was focused on wars with the Turks. As ruler, Tzimiskes, Eldest son of Romanos II, Basil was born in 958. Raised to co-emperor in 1373, he became senior emperor on John V's death and ruled until his death. ! Born in 321. Cleisthenes Of Sicyon. Byzantine emperors considered themselves to be rightful Roman emperors in direct succession from Augustus;[2] the term "Byzantine" was coined by Western historiography only in the 16th century. Ancient Byzantine History: After the final Western Roman Emperor was deposed in 476 CE, the Eastern Empire (also known as the Byzantines) continued to flourish for the next thousand years. This list is based on texts and sources from books of historians and medieval historians. Defeated co-emperor of the West Maxentius in Milvian bridge (312) and seized Rome. When on occasion rendering their names and titles in Latin in the centuries following the adoption of Basileus and Greek language, Byzantine rulers used Imperator for senior emperors and Rex for junior emperors, as seen in coins of Michael III and his junior emperor Basil I. Historians see his reign as a distinct period of Byzantine history. It became … During his reign he tried to sideline Zoe, but a popular revolt forced him to restore her as empress on 19 April 1042, along with her sister, The younger sister of Zoe, born in 984, she was raised as co-ruler on 19 April 1042. His reign was marked by misgovernment and the increasing autonomy of provincial magnates. Co-emperor since 821, he succeeded on his father's death. Αὐτοκράτωρ) was increasingly used. Proclaimed by his army in Gaul, became legitimate Emperor upon the death of Constantius. 1025-1028. Following Heraclius, the title commonly became the Greek Basileus (Gr. Greatest Roman Emperors | Emperor Tiberus (r. 14 to 37 AD) Tiberius Claudius Nero was Emperor of Rome from 14 to 37 AD. [54] However, he noted that "in Byzantium the ethnic origins of a person was of not significance, provided he … He tried to repel the Crusaders, but they, Born c. 1174, he rose to prominence as a son-in-law of Alexios III. Reigned with eldest son, General of Armenian origin, born c. 755. The Byzantine Empire was the direct legal continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire following the division of the Roman Empire in 395. It is generally true that social and economic conditions are … This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD. On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the Roman Empire was permanently divided between … Restored to his throne by the Crusaders, actual rule fell to his son Alexios IV. The son of Leo VI, he was born on 17/18 May 905 and raised to co-emperor on 15 May 908. There is no question, the Hagia Sophia is the greatest example of Byzantine Architecture on Earth. Constantine VIII. Born c. 332. Constantine the Great (27 February 272 AD — 22 May 337 AD) is a towering figure in Roman, European and Western history. Heraclius led the Byzantine Empire to one of its greatest triumphs over its longstanding Persian rival—the Sassanian Empire. In later centuries, the Emperor could be referred to by Western Christians as the "Emperor of the Greeks". The title of all Emperors preceding Heraclius was officially "Augustus", although other titles such as Dominus were also used. A Roman Emperor and Philosopher. Increasingly unpopular and tyrannical, he was deposed and executed by Heraclius. In 700, a Byzantine emperor prohibited the worship of icons. Laskarid dynasty (Empire of Nicaea, 1204–1261), Palaiologan dynasty (restored to Constantinople, 1261–1453), p. 183, Karayannopoulous, Yanis, "State Organization, Social Structure, Economy, and Commerce,", Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Heraclian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Isaurian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Nikephorian dynasty, Nikephoros I "Genikos" or "the Logothete", Byzantine Empire under the Amorian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty, Michael VI Bringas "Stratiotikos" or "the Old", Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Doukas dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, List of Byzantine emperors of Armenian origin, "European Middle Ages: The Byzantine Empire", Displaying the Emperor's Authority and Kharaktèr on the Marketplace, Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Byzantine_emperors&oldid=995712876, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Born on 7 August 317, as the second surviving son of Constantine I, he inherited the eastern third of Roman Empire upon his father's death, sole Roman Emperor from 353, after the overthrow of the western usurper. 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